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Which Motor Is Used in Washing Machine?

A washing machine is one of the most important appliance in any home, and its performance largely depends on the motor that powers it. Modern washing machines use a variety of motors depending on their setup, ranging from the traditional AC induction motor to more specialized designs like brushless DC motors.

Regardless of which type of motor is used, each has its own special capabilities that enable it to power a wide range of washing machine designs, ensuring effective cleaning and improved efficiency when compared with traditional technologies.

Variable Speed Motors

Variable Speed Motors

Variable Speed Motors in washing machines are a technological advancement that is quickly becoming the industry standard. These motors use energy more efficiently than traditional ones, leading to noticeable savings for consumers in their electric bills.

Additionally, Variable Speed Motors allow for more customized settings and cycles to meet different laundry needs. Washing can be done precision-style, with different speed modes for delicate and sturdier items, aiding in gentle yet thorough cleanliness.

Not only does employing this type of motor save consumers a bundle, but it also helps protect our environment from wasteful energy usage – both a win!

What are the benefits of Variable Speed Motors?

  • Reduced energy consumption – Variable speed motors can reduce energy consumption by up to 40%, depending on the load size.
  • Lower noise levels – Variable speed motors are generally much quieter than traditional motors due to their ability to adjust rotation speeds.
  • Greater flexibility – Variable speed motors allow for greater flexibility when it comes to setting wash cycles, as the machine can tailor the cycle to suit a variety of fabric types and loads.
  • Increased efficiency – Inverter technology combined with variable speed motors can provide even greater energy savings compared to conventional motors.

What are the drawbacks of Variable Speed Motors?

  • Cost – Variable speed motors tend to be more expensive than other types.
  • Complex Control System – To control the motor with varying speeds, a complex and costly control system must be implemented.
  • High Maintenance – Variable speed motors require frequent maintenance due to the wear associated with rapid changes in speed.
  • Heat generation – The rapid acceleration and deceleration of a variable speed motor can lead to increased heat generation.

Brushless DC Motors

Brushless DC Motors

Brushless DC motors in washing machines are the most efficient and reliable type of electric motor because they don’t require regular maintenance and repairs like a traditional brushed motor.

The two main advantages of a brushless DC motor is that they cost less to operate and contribute to improved energy efficiency. They are also smaller, quieter, and more reliable than their brushed counterparts which means they do not require lubrication as often as other motors.

Brushless DC motors in washing machines can also provide greater acceleration, smoother operation, longer lifespan, and lower electric costs compared to traditional DC motors. This makes them a popular choice for use in laundry machines all over the world.

What are the benefits of Brushless DC Motors?

  • Increased efficiency – Brushless DC Motors are more energy efficient than traditional motors and can reduce energy consumption by up to 30%.
  • Greater control – Brushless DC Motors provide very precise control over the levels of speed and torque, which is important for achieving optimal results in each cycle.
  • Quieter operation – The lack of brushes in Brushless DC Motors makes them inherently quieter compared to traditional motors.
  • Longer lasting performance – With no brushes to wear down, brushless DC motors offer much longer lifespans compared to other motor types.

What are the drawbacks of Brushless DC Motors?

  • High initial cost – Brushless DC Motors are more expensive than other motor types, making them cost-prohibitive for some applications.
  • Complex maintenance – As they do not have brushes and commutators, brushless DC motors require complex maintenance to ensure proper operation.
  • Sensitivity to temperature changes – Due to the lack of surrounding air movement, brushless DC motors can be sensitive to fluctuations in temperature.
  • Vibration levels can be high – The combination of high speed and magnetic field instability can lead to increased vibration levels.

Asynchronous Motors

Asynchronous Motors

An asynchronous motor, also sometimes called an induction motor, is a type of motor commonly found in washing machines. It uses revolving magnetic fields to drive the rotating shaft within the washer’s drum, creating the necessary speed and torque for efficiently cleaning clothes and fabrics.

An asynchronous motor consists of two main parts – the stator, which is an inner coil of wire that creates an oscillating magnetic field; and the rotor, an outer coil that provides the mechanical power for spinning.

Asynchronous motors are popular for use in washing machines because they require no mechanical gear or brushes, making them both efficient and economical to run. In addition, they have little to no maintenance requirements so you don’t have to worry about much outside of changing out your laundry detergent!

What are the benefits of Asynchronous Motors?

  • Improved efficiency – Asynchronous motors can reduce energy consumption by up to 10%, compared to traditional motor types.
  • Smoother start-up operation – As asynchronous motors are designed to slowly accelerate and decelerate, they offer better control for washing machines with heavy loads.
  • Quieter operation – As there is no direct contact between the rotor and stator of an asynchronous motor, there is significantly less noise when it is in operation.
  • Often cost effective – Since asynchronous motors are simpler in design than other motor types, they tend to be more affordable.

What are the drawbacks of Asynchronous Motors?

  • Low starting torque – Asynchronous motors require higher currents to start up and generate lower torques than other motor types.
  • Motor speed is dependent on frequency – As such, asynchronous motors cannot be used with variable frequency drives.
  • Vibration and noise levels can be high – The high rotation speeds of asynchronous motors can lead to increased vibration and noise.
  • Power factor decreases with higher speed – The power factor decreases as the motor’s speed increases, resulting in a loss of efficiency.

Universal Motors

Universal Motors

A washing machine’s universal motor is an electrical construction that enables the use of either AC or DC power sources. This unique feature makes it incredibly versatile and cost-effective, allowing greater portability and flexibility in the application of a washing machine.

The universal motor features two sets of windings; one connected to a DC source and the other connected to an AC source. When these two windings meet, they create a powerful magnetic field that drives the spinning motion of the inside drum.

Thanks to this technology, washing machines are more compact yet able to handle larger loads at higher speeds than ever before.

What are the benefits of Universal Motors?

  • Low price – Universal motors are relatively inexpensive compared to other motor types.
  • Ability to run on any AC/DC power source – As their name suggests, universal motors can operate from any AC or DC voltage.
  • Compact size – The small size of universal motors makes them ideal for use in compact washing machines.
  • Power and speed control – With the ability to adjust the speed and power, universal motors offer great control over the cleaning process.

What are the drawbacks of Universal Motors?

  • Loud operation – Since the rotor and stator contact directly with each other, universal motors tend to produce more noise than other motor types.
  • Low efficiency – Due to their internal design, universal motors can waste energy as heat, leading to a lower efficiency than other motor types.
  • Unpredictable performance – Universal motors have difficulty maintaining an even speed and torque, which can lead to an unpredictable performance in a washing machine.
  • Limited control – The lack of feedback mechanisms means that a universal motor has limited control over its parameters such as current, voltage and speed.


The choice of motor used in a washing machine ultimately comes down to application requirements, cost and user preferences. Brushless DC Motors offer greater efficiency, but come with a higher initial cost while variable speed motors are more expensive and require more frequent maintenance.

For basic applications, standard AC motors might be the most suitable option due to their lower cost and ease of use. Ultimately, each type of motor has its own unique advantages and disadvantages which should be carefully considered when making the decision on which to choose for a given application.

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  • Post category:Guides
  • Post last modified:January 16, 2023


Nishant Rajput is the CEO and the head author at He recently returned from Melbourne, Australia, after studies. Nishant is an engineer and carries colossal enthusiasm for guiding the Indian public to invest money in the right products. He hires a paid team of experts for analyzing data and narrating comprehensive reviews & guides! Besides that, he's a martial artist, gym freak, guitarist, and singer.

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